Synonym:Vasopressin;9034-50-8;50-57-7;antidiuretic hormone;arginine vasopressin;Vasotocin;Vasopressin acetate;aDH;aVP
Description:Vasopressin, also called antidiuretic hormone (a D H) or arginine vasopressin (aVP), is another hormone key to water homeostasis and blood pressure regulation. a rginine vasopressin is produced in the neurones of the hypothalamus and stored in vesicles within the posterior pituitary. Vasopressin is released in response to increased blood osmolality detected by hypothalamic osmoreceptors; systemic hypotension or hypovolaemia detected by cardiopulmonary baroreceptors of the great veins and atria; or angiotensin I I acting on the hypothalamus.
Vasopressin is a peptide hormone secreted by the hypothalamus via the posterior pituitary. Its primary role is the regulation of body fluid balance. It is secreted in response to hypotension and promotes retention of water by action on specific caMP-coupled V2 receptors. It causes vasoconstriction by stimulating V1 receptors in VSM and is particularly potent in hypotensive patients. It is increasingly used in the treatment of refractory vasodilatory shock which is resistant to catecholamines. The vasopressin analogue desmopressin is used to treat diabetes insipidus and in the management of von Willebrand's disease. Terlipressin (another analogue) is used to limit bleeding from oesophageal varices in patients with portal hypertension. When used for the management of low SVR states, vasopressin is administered as an i.v. infusion at a rate of 0.01-0.1 units min-1.