Product name:Cefazolin sodium(Ancef, Cefamezin;Cefalin;Kefzol;Zolicef;Sodium cefazolin; Sodium cephazolin)
Description: Cefazolin sodium is a first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic, useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.
Cefazolin (Ancef, Kefzol) is one of a series of semisyntheticcephalosporins in which the C-3 acetoxy function has beenreplaced by a thiol-containing heterocycle here, 5-methyl-2-thio-1,3,4-thiadiazole. It also contains the somewhatunusual tetrazolylacetyl acylating group. Cefazolin wasreleased in 1973 as a water-soluble sodium salt. It is activeonly by parenteral administration.
Cefazolin provides higher serum levels, slower renalclearance, and a longer half-life than other first-generationcephalosporins. It is approximately 75% protein bound inplasma, a higher value than for most other cephalosporins.Early in vitro and clinical studies suggest that cefazolin ismore active against Gram-negative bacilli but less activeagainst Gram-positive cocci than either cephalothin orcephaloridine. Occurrence rates of thrombophlebitis followingintravenous injection and pain at the site of intramuscularinjection appear to be the lowest of the parenteralcephalosporins.