Description: Chlortetracycline (Brand name: Aureomycin) is the 7-chloro substitution derivative of the tetracycline and has a golden color. As a veterinary medicine, chlortetracycline is commonly used for the treatment of conjunctivitis of cats. It can also be used in the treatment of infections occurring in the urinary tract, respiratory tract, and the intestines. Its mechanism of action is through inhibiting the protein synthesis, inhibiting the binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to the mRNA-ribosome complex through binding to the 30S ribosome subunit.
Chlortetracycline was the first reported member of the tetracycline class, isolated from Streptomyces aureofaciens in 1948. Chlortetracyclines heralded the early wave of antibiotic discoveries from microbes and after 50 years are still widely used as pharmaceuticals. Chlortetracycline is a pigment and, like most pigments, is extremely sensitive to environmental and storage conditions. Commercial chlortetracycline may contain significant levels of degradation products.